Every day across the world, at least 4,500 people die and at least 30, 000 people fall sick to Tuberculosis despite the fact that the disease is preventable and curable. The United Nations through the World Health Organization established World Tuberculosis Day as a day to be marked on March 24 annually to create awareness about Tuberculosis infection and prevention.
Tuberculosis is a disease caused by the bacteria known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis; it affects the lungs and is also contaminable because if germs from people with tuberculosis are passed out especially when coughing or sneezing, the germs get into the air and can be inhaled and in turn infect another person. Several people are already infected with Tuberculosis bacteria but are not yet showing symptoms and this is the reason for the need for continuous public awareness.
In commemoration of World Tuberculosis Day 2020, the World Health Organization developed some guidance that can assist in speeding up putting an end to the spread of TB and increasing the rate of preventive treatment to those who may be infected already. According to WHO, TB remains the world’s most infectious killer. WHO Director-General, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said: “The world committed to end TB by 2030; improving prevention is key to making this happen. Millions of people need to be able to take TB preventive treatment to stop the onset of disease, avert suffering and save lives”.
On this World Tuberculosis Day, Peace and Conflict Resolution Resource Centre (PEACrEc) appreciates the efforts of the WHO in the treatment of TB and also its prevention. We use the opportunity of this day to make a clarion call to all governments, health sectors and practitioners, and all stakeholders to work more towards creating awareness for the prevention of TB as health security will contribute immensely to world peace.